Panu is a fungal infection of the skin that causes small white patches on the skin. Panu appears on the skin with a well-rounded round pattern, called tinea versicolor and is caused by a type of yeast (fungus) that naturally lives on your skin. When yeast grows out of control, skin diseases emerge that appear as vaginal rashes.
Causes of Panu
Infection can occur for one of the following reasons:
- Oily skin
- Living in a hot climate
- Sweating a lot
- Weak immune system
Because yeast grows naturally on your skin, tinea versicolor is not contagious. This condition can affect people of every race / color, and tends to affect teenagers and young adults.
The white color due to acid from growing yeast causes the skin area to be a different color from the skin around them. This white and white pattern can only be one or broken. Certain signs and symptoms of infection include:
- Patterns are round and white, pink, red, or brown and can be lighter or darker than the skin around them.
- A place that is not blackened from all other parts of the skin.
- Places that may occur anywhere on your body, but are most often seen on the neck, chest, back and arms.
Spots may disappear during cold weather and worse during warm and humid weather. Fungus spots can be dry and scaly and may itch or hurt, although this is not common.
Doctors can diagnose tinea versicolor through seeing a pattern of rashes on their skin. Sometimes, the doctor may use ultraviolet light, which will cause the affected area to show UV rays with a yellow-green fluorescent color. However, if it is not for tinea versicolor, then this UV light examination will not emit yellow-green color in areas suspected of tinea versicolor.
Your doctor may also take skin samples by scraping some skin and scales from the affected area to examine under a microscope. With children, doctors may remove skin cells by first sticking like tape to the skin and then gently pulling it. Samples that tap into the insulation can then be directly attached to the slide for viewing under a microscope.
Treatment can be done with the use of creams, lotions, or shampoos that are applied to the skin. This can also include drugs given as pills. This type of treatment will depend on the size, location, and thickness of the infected area.
Treatment options include:
- Topical anti-fungal. This product is applied directly to your skin and may be in the form of lotion, shampoo, cream, foam, or soap. They keep the growth of yeast under control. Topical anti-fungal products containing ingredients such as zinc, pyrithione , seleniumsulfide , miconazole , clotrimazole , and terbinafine are available. But sometimes prescription medications can be needed.
- Anti-fungal pills. This can be used to treat more serious cases or recurrent phlegm. Or in some cases they can be used because they can provide simple and faster resolution of infection. These medicines are given by a doctor’s prescription and can have side effects. So it’s important to be monitored by your doctor when using anti-fungal pills.
Treatment usually eliminates fungal infections. However, skin discoloration can take up to several months.
Fungus recurrence is very frequent because the yeast that causes infection is a normal fungus that lives on the skin. Cleansing drugs can be used once or twice a month to help prevent phlegm from coming back. You may need to use this cleanser if the infection continues to return, especially if you live in a warm and humid area.
Here are some tips to help you manage tinea versicolor:
- Avoid using oily skin products
- Reduce exposure to sunlight. Exposure to sunlight can trigger or worsen skin conditions, and make the rash more visible
- If you need to leave the house and be exposed to the sun, consider using anti-fungal shampoo regularly for several days before exposure to sunlight.
- Use sunscreen every day. Use a non-greasy sunscreen with a minimum sun protection factor (SPF) 30
- Don’t wear tight clothes
- Wear loose, cool cloth like cotton to reduce sweat.