What is a sentinel lymph node biopsy?
A sentinel lymph node biopsy is a check that checks lymph nodes for most cancers cells. Lymph nodes are part of the lymphatic procedure, a network of organs and vessels that assistance the body combat bacterial infections and other diseases. Lymph nodes are found throughout the physique, which include the underarms, neck, upper body, abdomen, and groin.
Specific cancers, this sort of as breast cancer and melanoma (the most perilous type of pores and skin most cancers), can distribute by means of the lymphatic program. Cancers distribute when cells split off from the original tumor and are carried to other areas of the physique. The sentinel lymph node is the very first node exactly where these forms of cancers are most probable to unfold. The node is normally located in close proximity to the site of the initial tumor. At times there is more than one sentinel lymph node.
A sentinel lymph node biopsy can demonstrate how likely it is that your most cancers is spreading (metastasizing).
Other names: lymph node biopsy, sentinel node biopsy, sentinel lymph node mapping and biopsy